Enhance Your Java Skills with Advanced Switch Statements

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Enhance Your Java Skills with Advanced Switch Statements

Java has made significant improvements to switch statements, making them more versatile and expressive. Starting with Java 14, you can now write switch constructs that are more robust, flexible, and easier to read. Let's explore the exciting new features available from Java 14 onwards and see how they can enhance your code.

Java 14: Switch Expressions

Java 14 introduced switch expressions, allowing you to use switch statements not just for control flow but also to return values. This means you can write concise code that evaluates an expression and returns a result based on matching cases. Here's an example of a switch expression calculating Fibonacci numbers:

int fibonacci(int i) {
  return switch (i) {
    case 0, 1 -> i;
    default -> fibonacci(i - 1) + fibonacci(i - 2);

Pattern Matching with instanceof (Java 16)

Java 16 introduced pattern matching for instanceof checks. This allows you to write more concise and readable conditional logic when dealing with object types. Instead of long chains of if-else statements, you can use patterns to match the type and potentially access the object's properties directly within the condition itself.

Here's an example demonstrating pattern matching with instanceof:

void print(Object o) {
  if (o instanceof String s && s.length() > 10) {
    System.out.printf("a long string: %s...", s.substring(0, 10));
  } else if (o instanceof String s) {
    System.out.print("a not so long string: " + s);
  } else if (o instanceof Integer i) {
    System.out.print("an integer whose square is: " + i * i);


In conclusion, the enhancements to switch statements and the introduction of pattern matching with instanceof in Java 14 and 16 respectively bring significant improvements to the language. These features make your code more concise, readable, and expressive. By leveraging these advanced capabilities, you can write more efficient and maintainable Java programs, ultimately enhancing your overall development skills.

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